By Nyasha MutenaAs the world commemorated International Women’s Day on the 8th of March, ZESN called on all electoral stakeholders, the government and traditional leaders to end the exclusion and marginalisation of women and girls in governance process
es in Zimbabwe.
This year’s national theme is “Women in leadership: Achieving an equal future in a COVID-19 world.”
International Women’s Day comes at a time when the country is making strides to contain the COVID-19 pandemic. ZESN said women bear the brunt of family care at household level thus making them susceptible to COVID-19 transmission and other illnesses that might stem from pressure.
The electoral watchdog noted with concern that Zimbabwe has not yet achieved equal representation in public office including the Presidium and other decision making positions. This, ZESN said is notwithstanding the legislative framework to ensure gender equality and equity as well as gender mainstreaming in electoral processes to enhance women’s participation in democratic governance processes.
“Political parties are also genderblind in their composition as there are no measures in place to ensure they adhere to the Constitutional dictates for their appointments and candidate selection.
“Furthermore, there are barriers that women face such as physical, verbal, cyber, emotional and sexual abuse which discourage participation in democratic electoral and governance processes”.
ZESN mentioned that the COVID-19 pandemic presents an opportunity for the government to take stock of the implementation of a plethora of domestic laws, regional and international conventions and protocols on according women equal opportunities in governance processes.
Women’s Day comes at a time when ZESN and other CSOs are lobbying government and political parties to increase women’s representation in the government and participation as political candidates as a way of empowering women to achieve gender parity. ZESN said this is crucial because if women do not express their voice or participate fully, their needs will remain unattended to and society as a whole falls short of realising its full potential.
International Women’s Day is celebrated annually on 8 March and offers an opportunity to reflect on progress made with regards to gender equality, to call for change and to celebrate acts of courage and determination by ordinary women who have played an extraordinary role in the history and development of their countries and communities.
The Zimbabwe Constitution under Section 17 calls on the State to promote full gender balance in the Zimbabwean society. In particular – with regard to promoting the full participation of women in all spheres of Zimbabwean society on the basis of equality with men. It also calls for legislative and other measures to ensure that both genders are equally represented in all institutions and agencies of government at every level; and that women should constitute at least half of members of all Commissions and other elective and appointed governmental bodies established under the Constitution or any Act of Parliament.
ZESN urged government to sincerely promote gender balance and to take positive measures to rectify gender discrimination and imbalances that continue to exist. The Network acknowledges and applauds the work that is being done by women organisations and other CSOs in ensuring that women remain engaged in electoral, governance and democracy issues.